A Correctional Officer is sometimes referred to as detention officer or a prison officer & is responsible for safety, supervision and security of prisoners in jail. Their job responsibilities include maintaining law and order in the jail premises, enforcing rules and regulations, and ensuring that all prisoners abide by the rules, escorting inmates to courts and other places when required, tackling emergency situations, etc.
Correctional officers sometimes work in risky situations wherein they will have to ensure that there are no disruptions in the premises and will work on shifts, depending upon the situations and the type of institution. They supervise certain communities in certain states and make sure that no additional crimes are committed by people who are under the police scanner.
Apart from criminal supervision, they also train and educate people, provide job training, so that such citizens become productive to the country. They also appear at court hearings, conduct background investigations, etc.
A master's or a doctorate in subjects such as criminal justice, counselling, psychology, law, etc