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Articles » Indian Legends - Brief Monographs

Indian Legends – Brief Monographs




Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam usually referred as Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam was born on 15th of October, 1931 at Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu, India.

He was the eleventh President of India, serving from 2002 to 2007. During his term as The President, he was popularly known as the People's President and a poll conducted by news channel CNN-IBN named him "India's Best President".

Priory, he worked as an aeronautical engineer with DRDO and ISRO. He is popularly known as the Missile Man of India for his work on development of ballistic missile and space rocket technology. In India he is highly respected as a scientist and as an engineer.

Dr. Kalam played a pivotal organizational, technical and political role in India's Pokhran-II nuclear test in 1998. Presently, he is a professor at Anna University (Chennai) and adjunct/visiting faculty at many other academic and research institutions across India.

It would still be painless to achieve the heights of Everest but not of knowledge. Knowledge is never bounded up to books or standing on hypothetical grounds, it is far exceeding than something definable. May God bless Dr. Kalam to cross the eternal heights of knowledge…






Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (April 14, 1891 — December 6, 1956) was born in the British-founded town and military cantonment of Mhow in the Central Provinces (now in Madhya Pradesh) of India. Also known as Babasaheb, was an Indian nationalist, jurist, Dalit reformist, political leader, activist, philosopher, thinker, anthropologist, historian, orator, prolific writer, economist, scholar, editor, revolutionary person moreover he is known till date as a revivalist of Buddhism in India. He was like chief architect of the Indian Constitution.

Born into a poor Untouchable family, Dr. Ambedkar spent his whole life fighting against social discrimination, the system of Chaturvarna — the Hindu categorization of human society into four varnas — and the Indian caste system. He is credited with having sparked the Dalit Buddhist movement.

Overcoming numerous social and financial obstacles, he became one of the first ‘untouchables’ to obtain a college education in India. Eventually earning Law degrees and multiple doctorates for his study and research in law, economics and political science from Columbia University and the London School of Economics, he returned home as a famous scholar and practiced law for a few years before publishing journals advocating political rights and social freedom for India's untouchables.

Dr. Ambedkar has been honored with the ‘Bharat Ratna’, India's highest civilian award. He has been given the degree of ‘Bodhisattva’ by Indian Buddhist Bhikkhus.

A Bhikkhu, is a fully ordained male Buddhist monk, towards the path of Nirvana, incised with lifestyle to support the spiritual practice with simple living and high meditating. In the same way, Dr. Ambedkar was essentially a Bhikkhu framed in free will education…






Amitabh Bachhan

Amitabh Harivanshrai Bachchan also referred as ‘Big B’ or ‘Shahenshah’, was born in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India on October 11, 1942. His father Dr. Harivansh Rai Bachchan was a well-known Hindi poet. Mr. Bachchan is an Indian film actor, who firstly gained popularity in the early 1970s as the "angry young man" of Bollywood cinema (Indian film industry), and soon became one of the most prominent figures in the history of Indian cinema.

Mr. Bachchan has won numerous major awards in his career, including three National Film Awards and twelve Filmfare Awards. He holds the record for highest number of Best Actor nominations at the Filmfare Awards. In addition to acting, Mr. Bachchan has worked as a playback singer, film producer, television presenter, and was an elected member of the Indian Parliament from 1984 to 1987. He is awarded Padma Shri (Indian civil award for distinguished contribution) and Padma Bhusan (1st civil award).

Mr. Bachchan is married to actress Jaya Bhaduri. They have two children, Shweta Nanda and Abhishek Bachchan. Abhishek is also an actor and is married to Miss World and actress Aishwarya Rai.

Amitabh Bachchan is one of the irreplaceable milestones in the history of entertainment cinema. Acting is not solely up to interpreting the couple of humane emotions by tracing certain emoticons. This is proved by him from the initial times of his doorway to the industry. God bless him with pursuance of entertaining capabilities…






Lata Mangeshkar

Lata Mangeshkar, born on September 28, 1929 is a legendary Indian singer. She was born in a Maharashtrian family at Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India. Her father, Pandit Deenanath Mangeshkar belonged to a Konkani speaking Kalavant Family from Goa, was a classical singer and theater actor. Affectionately, Lata Mangeskar is also regarded as ‘Lata Didi’. She is one of the best-known playback singers in the Indian film industry. Her career started in 1942 and has spanned over six and a half decades. She sang over lacs of songs in Hindi and above other 20 languages.

Her siblings, Asha Bhosle, Hridayanath Mangeshkar, Usha Mangeshkar and Meena Mangeshkar have also rendered in the field of music. Lata Mangeskar is the second vocalist ever to have received the ‘Bharat Ratna’ (India's highest civilian honor).

Lataji was featured in the Guinness Book of World Records from 1974 to 1991 for having made the highest recordings in the world. She had recorded almost more than a lac of solo, duet, and chorus songs.

Guinness World Record is delinquent measurement of Lataji’s achievements. With the grace of God her voice has been eternally imprinted in the pages of history. Seven notes of music is something that dwells in her voice…






M. F. Husain

Maqbool Fida Husain (born in 1915, Pandharpur, Maharashtra), popularly known as M. F. Husain. He had given prolific painting work over a career of seven decades. He has contributed in the field of film-making and writing as well.

M. F. Hussain is one of the most highly rated artists in the world today. His paintings are sold at astonishing prices and are grabbed almost instantly by international art collectors. According to Forbes magazine, he has been regarded as the "Picasso of India".

He is awarded ‘Padma Bhushan’ (civil honor) in 1973 and was nominated for the Rajya Sabha in 1986.He was awarded ‘Padma Vibhushan’ (2nd civil honor) in 1991. His experimentations with new forms of art have always been pioneering and sometimes controversial too.

M. F. Hussain is truly a distinct artist, building a global impact on the art lovers. His genre of art has never known the word ‘repetition’.  God bless him with immense cultivation of people’s love towards his work…






M. K. Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948). Born at Porbandar, Gujarat (India), he was the most eminent political and spiritual leader of India during the Indian independence movement. He was the pioneer of Satyagraha - resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience - firmly founded upon ahimsa (total non-violence). This led India towards independence and has also inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

Gandhiji is commonly regarded around the world as Mahatma Gandhi. Mahātmā means 'Great Soul'. This honorific was firstly applied to him by Rabindranath Tagore - a legendary Bengali polymath. In India people adoringly call him as ‘Bapu’ (Father in Gujarati). He is officially honored in India as the Father of the Nation; his birthday, 2 October, is commemorated as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday and worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.

After returning to India in 1915 from Britain, assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Bapu led nationwide campaigns to remove poverty, expand women's rights, build religious and ethnic amity, end untouchability and increase economic self-reliance. Above all, he aimed to achieve Swaraj or the independence of India from foreign domination. Gandhiji led his followers in the Non-cooperation movement that protested the British-imposed taxes and inhumane actions.

As an ahimsa practitioner, he swore to speak the truth, advocated and suggested others for the same. Gandhi lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community, wearing the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven with yarn he had hand spun on a charkha. He ate simple vegetarian food and undertook long fasts as a means of both self-purification and social protest. All these deeds of virtue led him to global exposure and in the pages of history as well.

Ganghi Bapu’s work and virtues can be better identified by his autobiography ‘Satya na Prayogo : An autobiography of Mahatma Gandhi.’

Truth and Gandhi Bapu have been the factual synonyms of each other. We all know that the immortal lock of this treasure has no key on earth. Not insisting but offering the truth by encrypting the word ‘Satyagraha’ was the greatness of Gandhiji. Let us trust ourselves that we can actually decode the satya and aagraha






Mother Teresa

Mother Teresa (August 26, 1910 – September 5, 1997) was born as Agnesë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu (Gonxhe means rosebud in Albanian), in Üsküb, Ottoman Empire (now Skopje, capital of the Republic of Macedonia). Although she was born on August 26, she considered August 27, the day she was baptized, to be her ‘true birthday’. She was an Albanian Roman Catholic nun with Indian citizenship, founded the Missionaries of Charity in Kolkata (Calcutta), India in 1950.

For over 45 years she ministered the poor, sick, orphaned, handicapped and less privileged people while guiding the Missionaries of Charity's expansion, first throughout India and later in other countries.

By the 1970s she was internationally famed as a humanitarian and advocate for the poor and helpless, due in part to a documentary and book. For her humanitarian work, she won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 and India's highest civilian honor, the ‘Bharat Ratna’ in 1980. She has been praised and also criticized by many individuals, governments and organizations facing a diverse range of opinions for her work; but above all, she kept on walking on the path of righteousness. Following her death she was beatified by Pope John Paul II and given the title ‘Blessed Teresa of Calcutta’.

Mother Teresa's Missionaries of Charity continued to expand all over the world. At the time of her death, figure expanded with 610 missions in 123 countries, including hospices and homes to aid the people suffering with various minor and severe ailments. Missionaries also handed around the soup kitchens, children's and family counseling programs, orphanages and schools which are still mounting to serve humanity.

Sacrifice, love and sympathy is something that Mother Teresa had sinuous in her blood. Especially, ‘help’ is the exalted indication which every one received who knew her. May Jesus bless the humankind with suchlike ancestry.






Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda (January 12, 1863 – July 4, 1902) was born as Narendranath Dutta in an aristocratic Kayastha family of Calcutta. In search of God, to find the right path he went to the 19th century mystic Guru Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and became his disciple.

Being the chief disciple and the founder of Ramakrishna Mission, he was established as a key figure in the introduction of Vedanta and Yoga in Europe and U.S.A. He was also credited for raising interfaith awareness, bringing Hinduism to the status of a world religion during the end of the 19th Century. He is best known for his inspiring speech beginning with "sisters and brothers of America", with which he introduced Hinduism at the Parliament of the World's Religions at Chicago in 1893. He also established Vedanta societies in America and England. Later, in 1897 he founded the Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission, a philanthropic and spiritual organization.

Swami Vivekananda is regarded as one of India's foremost nation-builders. His teachings influenced the thinking of other national leaders and philosophers. Today, his disciples and followers are found all over the world.

The only foot, which can fiddle with the shoe of sustaining - the blend of spirituality and philosophy, along with ordinary living, was the only one of Swami Vivekananda. Merely, following such footprints can lead us to the path of reawakening…     






Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941) was born at the Jorasanko mansion as Pirali Brahmin in Calcutta. Tagore started to write poems at age eight. At age sixteen, he published his first substantial poetry under the pseudonym Bhanushingho (Sun Lion in Bengali) and wrote his first short stories and dramas in 1877. Seeking to become a barrister, Tagore enrolled at a public school in 1878 at Brighton, East Sussex, England. However, for the willingness to explore other fields, he returned degree-less to Bengal in 1880.

Tagore denounced the British Raj and supported the Indian Independence Movement. His efforts endure in his vast canon and in the institution he founded, Vishva-Bharati University.

Sobriquet as Gurudev, he is remembered as a poet, novelist, musician, and playwright, he reshaped Bengali literature and music in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. As author of Gitanjali - profoundly sensitive and beautiful verse, he became Asia's first Nobel laureate by winning the 1913 Nobel Prize in Literature.

Tagore modernized Bengali art by rejecting the strictures of rigid classical Indian forms. His novels, short stories, songs, dance-dramas, and essays ranged over political and personal topics. His works were acclaimed for their lyricism, colloquialism, meditative naturalism, and philosophical contemplation. Two Tagore songs are the national anthems of Bangladesh and India: Amar Shonar Bangla and Jana Gana Mana.

Being a polymath can surely be nothing else than being a blessed one. If the topmost Indian literates are enlisted, Gurudev would be the former on the roll. Let us pry and pray to be something which is uneasy to comprise - a polymath!






Satyajit Ray

Satyajit Ray (2 May 1921–23 April 1992), born in the family prominently involved with the world of arts and letters, was an Indian Bengali filmmaker. He is regarded as one of the greatest auteur of 20th century cinema.

Starting his career as a commercial artist, Ray was drawn into independent filmmaking after meeting French filmmaker Jean Renoir. Ray directed feature films, documentaries and short films. He was also a fiction writer, publisher, illustrator, graphic designer and film critic.

Ray's first film, Pather Panchali (1955), won eleven international prizes, including Best Human Document at the Cannes film festival. Ray received countless major awards through his career, including 32 Indian National Film Awards, a number of awards at international film festivals and other ceremonies. He was also presented Academy Honorary Award in 1992.

Globe has seen ample of illusionist in the form of film-makers. Very few of the ample-assorted has attested themselves to be the realist on the notes of motion pictures. Doubtlessly, Satyajit Ray is one on the rare attested ones. Let us long for some one to be as heightened as him…






Ustad Bismillah Khan

Ustad Bismillah Khan Sahib (March 21, 1916 – August 21, 2006), an Indian shehnai maestro was born at Bhirung Raut Ki Gali, in Dumraon, Bihar. He was the third classical musician to be awarded the Bharat Ratna (in 2001), the highest civilian honor in India.

His ancestors were court musicians and used to play in Naqqar khana in the princely states of Bhojpur (now in Bihar). His father was a shehnai player in the court of Maharaja Keshav Prasad Singh of Dumraon Estate, Bihar.
Ustad Bismillah Khan was one of the finest musicians in post-independent Indian Classical music and one of the best examples of Hindu-Muslim unity in India. He had played shehnai to the global audience. He was known for devoting his art to her wife after her bereavement.

On his death, as an honor, his shehnai was also buried along with him. He was known for his vision of spreading peace and love through music.

Music is recognized as a medium of healing aptitude, from the times of introduction of sounds to human species. But Ustad Bismillah Khan has been above this notion. No norms can abide him for having a specific approach towards the sharp notes of an Indian shehnai. His notes could make skip the heart beats over and over with the situating graph of emotions. Lets pray Allah to send him back to us, we desperately need him…






Sachin Tendulkar

Sachin Tendulkar was born in April 24, 1973 at Bombay (now Mumbai). He is an Indian cricketer widely regarded as one of the greatest batsmen in the history of cricket. His father, Ramesh Tendulkar, a Marathi novelist, named Sachin after his favourite music director.

In 2002, Wisden ranked him the second greatest Test batsman of all time, next to Donald Bradman and the second greatest one day international (ODI) batsman of all time, next to Vivian Richards. In September 2007, the Australian leg spinner Shane Warne rated Sachin as the greatest player he has played with or against. Tendulkar is the only player of the current generation to be included in Bradman's Eleven. He is sometimes referred to as ‘Little Master’ or ‘Master Blaster’.

Sachin is the highest run scorer in both Test matches and ODIs; and also the batsman with the most centuries in either form of the game. The first player to score fifty centuries in all international cricket combined, he now has more than eighty international centuries. Simultaneously, post 2008 he has broken many global records in the field of cricket.

Tendulkar has been honored with the Padma Vibhushan award, India's second highest civilian award and the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award, India's highest sporting honor.

Hitting a ball with just a handle-joined lumber of wood could seem to be a child’s play. That is something folks would think. But Sachin Tendulkar is the cricket legend Indian history has ever known. Lets pray god to give him strength of hitting real hard heights of the game : Cricket… 






J. R. D. Tata

Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata (July 29, 1904–November 29, 1993) born at Paris, France, known as pioneer aviator and imperative businessman of India. He was the second child of Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata, first cousin of Jamsedji Tata and a pioneer industrialist in India.

'Jeh' or 'JRD', as he was commonly known, came to be the most famous industrial revolutionary in modern India. His mother Suzanne ‘Sooni’ Brière was French, so he spent much of his childhood in France and as a result, French was his first language. Tata also attended the French Foreign Legion. He attended the Cathedral and John Connon School at Bombay. He did not continue beyond matriculation.

J.R.D. Tata was inspired by aviation and took flying as a ground of learning. In 1929, Tata got the first pilot license issued in India. He later came to be known as the ‘father of Indian civil aviation’. He founded India's first commercial airline, 'Tata Airlines', in 1932, which in 1946 became Air India, now India's national airline. He was awarded India's highest civilian honor, ‘Bharat Ratna’ in 1992.

Is business just up to incorporating the meetings and go on constructing agendas? Although today, J.R.D. Tata is not present with us, answer is avail from the path way of his life. Probably business and corporate sectors today would place the biography of J.R.D. Tata as a Business Bible. Let us learn how life and business can actually relate to each other on the identical altitudes…  






Pandit Birju Maharaj

Brijmohan Nath Mishra, commonly known as Pandit Birju Maharaj (born February 4, 1938) is currently the leading exponent of the Lucknow Kalka-Bindadin Gharana of KATHAK DANCE in India. Birju Maharaj was born in the house of noted Kathak exponent, Jagannath Maharaj, popularly known as Achhan Maharaj of Lucknow Gharana, who served as court dancer in princely state Raigarh. Birju Maharaj was trained by his uncles Lachhu Maharaj, Shambhu Maharaj and his father Achhan Maharaj. He took Kathak to new heights by choreographing innovative Kathak dance dramas.

Though dancing is his first love, he has an excellent command over Hindustani classical music and is an accomplished vocalist as well. His debut recital was at the age of seven.

He has toured extensively across the globe, given thousands of performances and held hundreds of workshops for Kathak students. Birju Maharaj started teaching the dance form at the young age of thirteen at places like Sangeet Bharti, Bharatiya Kala Kendra etc. He was Head of Faculty and Director at the Kathak Kendra (a unit of the Sangeet Natak Akademi).

After retirement in 1998, he started his own Kathak and Indian fine arts academy ‘Kalashram’. He composed the music and sang for movies. Similarly, he choreographed many dances for films. Birju Maharaj has won many honorary Doctorate Degrees and Accolades, including ‘Padma Vibhushan’ in 1986.

Trapping feet with music, graceful expression which even nymph would get jealous of and that from a male is impressively rarefied. Dance and dwelling is something that Birju Maharaj would never marvel on as he is breathing it. Saltation (rhythmic movement of the body along with music) is newly defined by Shri Birju Maharaj and every veteran would be of the same mind when pursued. May Lord Shiva sanctify him to make more and more hearts trap and trip the light fantastic with his talent…   



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